1. Many of the sports were the same as they are now.许多运动项目跟现在的一样。

the same as…表示“与……相同/一样”。可用于事物与事物之间。

[例]My hobbies were the same as yours while at school.上学时,我的爱好和你的一样。

[同义句型](1) the same+ n. + as +… 和……一样Today she is wearing the same coat as I bought yesterday.今天她穿了一件和我昨天买的一样的外套。(有两件外套)(2) the same+ n. + that +… 和……一样(同一件东西)Now he is using the same pen that I lost on my way to school.他现在正在用的笔和我在上学路上掉的那支是一样的。(就是那支笔)

[联想]与same有关的短语:at the same time 同时in the same boat 同舟共济it is the same with 与……一样just/ all the same 虽是这样,尽管如此be all the same to sb (非正式)对某人无关紧要,毫无区别,无所谓


2. Every four years athletes from all over the world take part in the Olympic games.每四年,来自世界各地的运动员都会参加奥运会。

“Every +基数字+时间/距离单位”表示“每多少时间/距离”。

[例]Every three hours try to turn its inside out.每三个小时就把它翻个面。There is a lamp every ten meters on both sides of the street.街道的两边每隔十米就有一盏路灯。

[联想]“每隔一天”的表达方法:every second day, every two days, every other day

3. In Sydney the Chinese team got 28 gold medals, ranking third of all the competing countries.在悉尼中国队赢得28枚金牌,在总成绩中排名第三。

Ranking the third of all thecompetingcountries 是一个动词-ing形式短语做伴随状语。我们还可以说:in Sydney the Chinese team got 28 gold medals andrankedthe third of all the competing countries.

[例]The man died, leaving his wife a poor family and three children.男人后留下了一个贫穷的家庭和三个未成年的孩子。

[联想]-ing分词作状语可以表示时间、原因、结果、条件、让步、方式或伴随情况等。①-ing分词短语作时间状语,有时可由连词when, while引出。如:While reading the book, henoddedfrom time to time.读书的时候他时不时地点头。②-ing分词短语作原因状语。如:Not knowing his address, I can't send this book to him.由于不知道他的地址,我无法把书送给他。③-ing分词短语作结果状语。如:She was so angry that she threw the toy on the ground, breaking it into pieces.她如此生气地把玩具扔到地上,结果玩具摔碎了。④-ing分词作伴随状语,可以放在句子的前面、后面或中间,表示主语的另一个、较次要的动作。如:They stood there for half an hour watching the stars in the sky.他们一直站了半个小时看天上的星星。



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