2011年5月IB经济SL真题下载-Paper1

2011年5月IB经济SL真题下载-Paper1

1. (a) Explain the roles of market forces and government in allocating resources in a mixed economy.

(b) Evaluate the extent to which market forces should be used to lessen the problem of environmental pollution.

2. (a) Using appropriate diagrams, explain how a reduction in income tax could affect both aggregate demand and aggregate supply in an economy.

(b) “The lower the level of both direct and indirect taxation, the better.” Evaluate this view.

3. (a) Using a diagram, explain the factors which might cause a depreciation of a country’s exchange rate.

(b) “A depreciation of a country’s exchange rate will always have a beneficial effect on the performance of its economy.” Evaluate this view.

4. (a) Explain the main features of market-led strategies used to achieve economic development in less-developed countries (LDCs).

(b) Evaluate the view that economic development in less-developed countries (LDCs) can best be achieved through market-led strategies rather than interventionist strategies.

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