1. Populations in transition
The graph below shows the relationship between GDP per capita and life expectancy at birth for a number of countries in 2010.
(a) Describe the relationship shown on the graph.
(b) Suggest two possible reasons for the relationship described in (a).
(c) Explain two economic effects of a youthful population structure.
2. Disparities in wealth and development
The map shows the Human Poverty Index (HPI) of Nepal.
(a) Describe the pattern of human poverty shown on the map.
(b) Explain one strength and one weakness of using the Human Development Index (HDI)as a way of measuring disparities.
(c) Explain the inequalities resulting from ethnicity in a named country.
3. Patterns in environmental quality and sustainability
The graph shows the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and population for selected countries and the rest of the world as a percentage of world totals.
(a) Identify which country or region has the lowest emissions of CO2 per person.
(b) Explain why some countries have higher CO2 emissions per person than others.
(c) Explain the relationship between atmospheric greenhouse gases and the temperature of the Earth’s surface.